Passer domesticus italiae - Italian sparrow - Passera d'italia

Passer domesticus italiae

RECORDING 1
DATE/TIME: 28/march/2004 (6 p.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: A male sparrow is performing the courtship display. It is in a low bush togheter with some other sparrows (males and females). - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT. N. 42 36' /LONG. E 11 16' - ALTITUDE: +120 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: full song - SEX/AGE: adult male - COMMENT: the entire song bout lasts more than 35 s and is made up by an uninterrupted serie of chirping syllables delivered at the rate of 2.7/second. Most syllable types (indicated by the red numbers in the spectrograms) are repeated two or more times in this song. - MIC: (U)

RECORDING 2
DATE/TIME: 5/may/2004 (8 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: A male sparrow is perched on a small tree near the house roof where its nest is placed. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT. N. 42 36' /LONG. E 11 16' - ALTITUDE: +120 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: typical male call near the nest - SEX/AGE: adult male - COMMENT: a monotonous slow repetition of one syllable type (see spectrogram) - MIC: (A)

RECORDING 3
DATE/TIME: 2/april/2004 (7 p.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: There are some birds cached in a hedgerow near a farm house. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT. N. 42 36' /LONG. E 11 16' - ALTITUDE: +120 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: three excited chirping calls ( contact calls ?) followed by a couple of nasal syllables (probably alarm calls). - SEX/AGE: unknown - COMMENT: the alarm calls are marked with a box in the spectrogram. - MIC: (A)

RECORDING 4
DATE/TIME: 11/july/2008 (6 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: One sparrow pair has nested in a nest-box fixed on a farm house wall. The sparrow pair (not seen) is perched on a tree near the nest-box. One Blue tit and some other sparrows are perched on the same tree. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT. N. 42 36' /LONG. E 11 16' - ALTITUDE: +120 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: rattle call (threat call against potential intruders). - SEX/AGE: adult female ? - COMMENT: During the previous breeding season the nest box was occupied by the Blue tit. The tit pair tried to use the same nest-box at the beginning of breeding season, but was expelled by the sparrow pair. There was a strong competition between the two species for the nest site. This call was probably uttered by the female. Background: Blackcap song. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 5
DATE/TIME: 18/november/2008 (11 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: The bird is perched (alone) on the top of a bush near a marsh. - POSITION: Diaccia Botrona marsh, LAT. N. 42 45'/LONG. E 10 54' - ALTITUDE: 0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: chirping call typical of the species, in this context probably used as contact call. - SEX/AGE: adult male - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 6
DATE/TIME: 14/may/2009 (10.30 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: One sparrow pair is perched on a tree just in front of its nest-box. There are two other sparrows perched in the same tree. The male calls loudly first and two background calls of the "foreign" sparrows can be heard. The female utter an excited rattle call, maybe directed against the two other sparrows. Then she utters three brief and soft piping calls to solicit copulation. During two copulations the female utters a series of piping calls. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT. N. 42 36' /LONG. E 11 16' - ALTITUDE: +120 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: male excited call, female rattle call and copulation calls. - SEX/AGE: adult male/female - COMMENT: Check spectrogram figures to find the different call types. Background: House sparrow calls. - MIC: (P)


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