Hirundo rustica - Swallow - Rondine

Hirundo rustica

RECORDING 1
DATE/TIME: 11/may/2003 (8 p.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: a small flock (less than 10 birds) is flying over a pond. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT.N 42 36'/LONG.E 11 17'- ALTITUDE: +130 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: flight calls from one or two birds of the flock. - SEX/AGE: unknown - MIC: (U)

RECORDING 2
DATE/TIME: 14/april/2005 (8 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: one bird is flying over a wheat field. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT.N 42 36'/LONG.E 11 17'- ALTITUDE: +130 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: full song (one song phrase delivered in flight). - SEX/AGE: unknown - MIC: (A)

RECORDING 3
DATE/TIME: 21/july/2007 (10 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: three birds are perched on a dead tree on the banks of a pond near the Ombrone river. They call several times. - POSITION: Voltina pond near Grosseto, LAT.N 4243'/ LONG.E 1105' - ALTITUDE: +0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: contact calls. - SEX/AGE: unknown - COMMENT: Blackcap and Blackbird song in background. Time interval between calls has been reduced in the spectrograms and in the audio sample. True average interval: 1.8 s (D.S.: 0.9; range: 0.2/3.2; n=20). - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 4
DATE/TIME: 1/may/2012 (9 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: A pair of swallows is perched on a telephone wire near an abandoned farm house. The male try to mate two times, apparently without success. - POSITION: Braccagni, LAT.N 4252'/ LONG.E 1059' - ALTITUDE: +10 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: copulation calls. - SEX/AGE: adult male and female - COMMENT: House sparrow calls in background. During the second attempt of mating the female calls too (see spectrogram). Time interval between the two call series has been reduced in the audio sample and in the spectrogram. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 5
DATE/TIME: 1/may/2012 (9.15 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: Same place as above. Two more birds join the pair perched on the telephone wire and call. - POSITION: Braccagni, LAT.N 4252'/ LONG.E 1059' - ALTITUDE: +10 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: contact calls perched. - SEX/AGE: unknown - COMMENT: background: House sparrow calls that have been erased from the spectrograms. Note the similarity with calls shown in Recording 3. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 6
DATE/TIME: 19/june/2013 (9 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: Ten birds are perched on a power line over a car park near the Diaccia-Botrona marsh. - POSITION: Diaccia Botrona marsh, LAT. N. 4245'/LONG. E 1054' - ALTITUDE: 0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: full song. - SEX/AGE: adult male. - COMMENT: Two birds are singing together from 26 s to 30.5 s and from 37 to 42.5 s (see spectrograms). - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 7
DATE/TIME: 19/june/2013 (9 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: Same birds as above in the same place. - POSITION: Diaccia Botrona marsh, LAT. N. 4245'/LONG. E 1054' - ALTITUDE: 0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: calls perched. - SEX/AGE: unknown. - COMMENT:Swallow calls in background. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 8
DATE/TIME: 19/june/2013 (9.30 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: Same birds as above in the same place. - POSITION: Diaccia Botrona marsh, LAT. N. 4245'/LONG. E 1054' - ALTITUDE: 0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: full song from a perched bird. - SEX/AGE: adult male. - COMMENT: This is a very long song phrase. - MIC: (P)


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