Falco tinnunculus - Kestrel - Gheppio

Falco tinnunculus

RECORDING 1
DATE/TIME: 10/october/2006 (7.30 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: A Kestrel - not seen - is perched on a pine tree in a garigue near the lagoon (bushes, grass and small scattered pine trees, poplars and holm oaks) - POSITION: Orbetello lagoon, LAT. N. 4227' / LONG. E 1112' - ALTITUDE: 0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: advertising/contact call when perched. - SEX/AGE: unknown - COMMENT: the bird is quite far from the mic, therefore the signal to noise ratio is very low and the harmonics are only barely visibles in the second spectrogram. The background noise has been filtered out from the audio file. - MIC: (A)

RECORDING 2
DATE/TIME: 5/july/2008 (6 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: A Kestrel - not seen - calls several times. Zone with cultivated fields near a big farm: a Kestrel nest (now empty) is placed on a pylon of a power line in a wheat field. - POSITION: Poponaio farm near Grosseto town, LAT.N 4247'/LONG.E 1106'- ALTITUDE: 12 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: advertising calls. - SEX/AGE: unknown - COMMENT: A male Kestrel (silent) is perched far on the power line. Probably it is the female and/or a juvenile that calls near the farm. Note that, unlike Recording 1, here the harmonics are clearly visible in the spectrograms: this is due to the better quality of this audio. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 3
DATE/TIME: 25/may/2008 (7.30 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: The same Kestrel nest descrbed above for Recording 2. A female Kestrel came back to the nest, where she had the eggs. - POSITION: Poponaio farm near Grosseto town, LAT.N 4247'/LONG.E 1106'- ALTITUDE: 12 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: the female uttered these calls when she was sitting on the eggs. - SEX/AGE: adult female - COMMENT: the female left the nest for about 30 minutes, then she came back to the nest and called. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 4
DATE/TIME: 25/may/2008 (8 a.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: The same Kestrel nest descrbed above for Recording 2 and Recording 3. A male Kestrel approached the nest in flight, where the female was incubating the eggs. - POSITION: Poponaio farm near Grosseto town, LAT.N 4247'/LONG.E 1106'- ALTITUDE: 12 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: calls between male and female near the nest. - SEX/AGE: adult female and male. - COMMENT: the male was flying around the nest without perching on it. Background: sparrow calls. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 5
DATE/TIME: 16/august/2011 (4 p.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: One Kestrel fly - in sight - above an uncultivated field. It begins a prolonged mobbing in flight against one Buzzard. The Buzzard fly over a forest and perches on a tree, the Kestrel utters the last two calls. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT.N 4236'/LONG.E 1117'- ALTITUDE: +130 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: threat calls. - SEX/AGE: adult bird, sex unknown. - COMMENT: the Kestrel calls during the mobbing action. Background: noise from Cicadas. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 6
DATE/TIME: 19/october/2012 (3 p.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: Two Kestrels - well in sight - are flying close and are chasing each other. Probably they are a pair on their breeding territory. - POSITION: Poderone near Magliano in Toscana, LAT.N 4236'/LONG.E 1117'- ALTITUDE: +130 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: contact calls. - SEX/AGE: unknown. - COMMENT: Only one bird is calling. It calls several times and only one call series is recorded. In the last days the birds were much vocal. - MIC: (P)

RECORDING 7
DATE/TIME: 10/december/2013 (4.30 p.m.) - IDENTIFICATION AND BEHAVIOUR: One bird - not seen - is on a tree line near a ditch of a marsh. - POSITION: Diaccia Botrona marsh, LAT. N. 4245'/LONG. E 1054' - ALTITUDE: 0 m. - VOCALIZATION TYPE: calls. - SEX/AGE: unknown. - COMMENT: Two different call types. - MIC: (WA)


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